Whilst the majority of businesses charge VAT at the standard rate of 20% there are a number of different VAT rates and exemptions that businesses should be aware. There are actually three separate VAT rates, the standard rate of 20%, the reduced rate of 5% and a zero rate. The reduced rate of VAT applies to the supply of certain goods and services.
In this article we will look at situations when the reduced VAT rate can apply to the conversion of a premises. This can happen where the number of dwellings in a property, after a conversion, changes from the number of dwellings before the conversion. For example, the conversion of a non-residential building into residential property is eligible for the reduced rate. (e.g. converting a restaurant into a house, or a warehouse into a block of apartments).
The reduced VAT rate of 5% will apply to qualifying services provided as part of a property conversion. These might include:
Services within the immediate site of the premises being converted can also be at the reduced rate if they are in connection with the:
However, HMRC’s guidance is clear that all other services are standard-rated. For example, you must standard-rate: